Openness, Open Education, Peer-to-Peer Collaboration (P2P), Global Development Education, and Neoliberalism. 

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ABOVE IMAGE: SAFAR, Afghanistan — Though its gray exterior walls must still be painted and its entrances sealed by the doors, the newly constructed Safar School is a stepping stone for the growth of education in southern Helmand province’s Garmsir district. The photograph shows a soldier with a dog in the school area.

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Source of picture: "Flickr - DVIDSHUB - Garmsir district continues progress in education with the Safar School construction (Image 6 of 12)" by DVIDSHUB - Garmsir district continues progress in education with Safar School Construction [Image 6 of 12]. Licensed under CC BY 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons -   

What is Openness and Global Development Education? 

Open education is a collective term to describe institutional practices and programmatic initiatives that broaden access to the learning and training traditionally offered through formal education systems. The qualifier "open" of open education refers to the elimination of barriers that can preclude both opportunities and recognition for participation in institution-based learning. One aspect of openness in or "opening up" education is the development and adoption of open educational resources.

Institutional practices that seek to eliminate barriers to entry, for example, would not have academic admission requirements. Such universities include The Open University in Britain and Athabasca University in Canada. Such programs are commonly distance learning programs like e-learning, MOOC and opencourseware, but not necessarily. Where many e-learning programs are free to follow, the costs of acquiring a certification may be a barrier, many open education institutes offer free certification schemes, accredited by organizations like UKAS in the UK and ANAB in the USA where others offer a badge.

Source of article: Wikipedia

What is Peer-to-Peer Collaboration (P2P)?

P2P computing or networking  is a distributed application architecture that partition tasks or work loads between peers. Peers are equally privileged, equipotent participants in the application. They are said to form a peer-to-peer network of nodes.   

Peers make a portion of their resources, such as processing power, disk storage or network bandwidth, directly available to other network participants, without the need for central coordination by servers or stable hosts. Peers are both suppliers and consumers of resources, in contrast to the traditional client-server model in which the consumption and supply of resources are divided. Emerging collaborative P2P systems are going beyond the era of peers doing similar things while sharing resources, and are looking for diverse peers that can bring in unique resources and capabilities to a virtual community, thereby empowering it to engage in greater tasks beyond those that can be accomplished by individual peers, yet that are beneficial to all the peers.

ACADEMIC WORK (APA Style).Peer-to-Peer Collaboration, Open Education, Global Development Education, Peer Learning, Peer-assisted Learning, Knowledge Economy, Philosophy of Education, Research, Prosumer Innovation, and much more: 

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