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Summary of Post Graduate papers completed at Waikato University   

Post Graduate Diploma (Technology Education): Papers completed (Waikato Uni)

Environmental and Sustainable Education  

Research Methods in Science, Mathematics and Technology Education

Technology Education

Innovations in Science, Technology or Environmental Education

Master of Education: Papers completed (Waikato Uni)

International Development Education

Globalization and Open Education

Intelligence, Creativity, and the Development of Talent

Directed Study: Animation and Sustainable Architecture (Sketch-up computer aided program)

Future PhD dissertation (the planning):

Title: Openness and Global Development Education: Exploring the Philosophy of P2P Learning Technologies.

Keywords: Global Development Education, Openness, Radical Openness, Knowledge Economy, Neo-liberalism, P2P Collaboration, Creative and Innovative processes, Digital dimensions, Digital Technologies, Global Citizenship, Modernization, Poverty Reduction, The Commons, Creative Commons, FLOK Society, NZ Higher Education.  


Source of above chart:

The above diagram shows that Italy has one of the highest amount of Tor ('the onion router') users (see darkest colour > 200 x 100,00 per day= 2,000,000+ users in total per day) of the 'anonymous' internet. One has to spend some time to look at the keys on the chart to get a glimpse of the overall picture of anonymity and the use of the world wide web. As expected, the anonymity and privacy of internet users are becoming a major issue in the world of 'openness'. How are users movements, details, etc. ,monitored and stored by large surveillance systems around the globe. How should these systems be managed to protect individuals? 


"Tor is an excellent tool for surfing the web securely and privately. Setup is simple and we highly suggest using it in conjunction with a VPN. There are certain nuances of Tor that you should know about precautions that must be taken when using it." See for more details.

"If you’re wondering what Tor is – and if you’re here, chances are that yes, you are – you’ve come to the right place. Tor is short for The Onion Router, and we’ll explain the significance of that name shortly. The first thing you need to know is that Tor is another way to hide your internet footprints, but is altogether different from a VPN. They can be used together, another subject we will touch on.

Tor was originally developed by the U.S. Navy with the purpose of protecting U.S. government communications during intelligence operations. It is now a non-profit organization whose purpose is to research and develop online privacy tools. In short, the Tor network conceals your identity by moving your internet traffic over different Tor servers, which are actually other people’s computers.

Tor is a gateway into the Deep Web, or Dark Web, which actually comprises the major majority of the internet. The popular analogy to describe what is searchable by standard search engines as compared to what is in the Deep Web is that of the tip of an iceberg; the portion of the iceberg below the surface is the deep web. This can be websites that accidentally did not register with any of the search engines, or ones that purposely did not for one reason or another, as was the case with Silk Road, the online drug trafficking marketplace that was shut down a number of years ago, which could not be accessed via normal web browsers like google.

Tor is also very popular with journalists, as well as activists who living or working within countries with internet restrictions. Tor enables a way around this censorship. It is also good for whistleblowers like Edward Snowden, who released information via Tor." 

Blog post by Daniel Krohn

(Technical writer, ex-robot manual creator gone privacy enthusiast/VPN expert)

"Technical writer who began humbly with robot technical guides and fell in love with online privacy, so wants to share his passion and wisdom about user's rights with others..."

Visit his blog to read more. Excellent article on TOR by Daniel! Article recommended by Ammar Atarche (South Africa).