Model illustrating sustainable architectural features and functions
Above: Model created by the author during his Endeavor Fellowship in 2012 (Ministry of Education New Zealand). Host -University of Waikato. Fellowship managed by The Royal Society of New Zealand.
* The E-Book will be published by the end of January 2018 to Five House Publishing.Link: https://fivehousepublishing.com/
FIVE HOUSE PUBLISHING:
ALSO AVAILABLE AT FIVE HOUSE PUBLISHING (MANY E-BOOKS AND EDUCATION PRODUCTS FOR SALE):
EBOOKS. EDUCATION KIT SETS: FUN-DOUGH CIRCUITS, PAPERMAKING, POP UP CARD MAKING WITH CIRCUITS.
E-Books and Education Products available for teachers, educators, students, schools, parents and caregivers. STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Maths), STEAM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Art, maths) & ESSTEAM (English, Social Sciences, Engineering, Technology, Engineering, Art, Maths). Resources focusing on Digital Technology, Sustainability, Global Citizenship, Integrated Learning, taking Social Action, and more. STEM E-BOOKS: Lesson plans, lesson ideas, lesson concepts, includes projects for sale. STEM KIT SETS: Fun-Doug Circuitry, Paper-making, and Pop-Up Card Circuitry.
SUMMARY OF RESOURCES: Ebooks: (CATEGORIES: Design and Visual Communication, Research Animation (passive solar), Sustainable Architecture, Model - illustrating passive solar, Biographies, Interior Design, Academic work & papers, Peer to Peer learning/collaboration, and more.
KIT SETS (for teachers/educators/parents): Fun-dough circuits, Paper-making with circuits, Programming of microprocessors (pop up cards) - Arduino Uno.
Sustainable Architecture – Features and systems: Photovoltaic panels, solar thermal panels, wind turbines, water tanks, passive solar features (thermal mass), passive ventilation, living walls, stacks (‘duct’), clerestories (roof system), LED lights, electronic devices/programming, and more. Additionally, biomimetics is touched on (ask nature how) when considering a sustainable architectural concept of building. Biomimicry is the imitation of the models, systems, and elements of nature for the purpose of solving complex human problems; biomimicry in architecture and manufacturing is the practice of designing buildings and products that simulate or co-opt processes that occur in nature. There are ultra-strong synthetic spider silks, adhesives modeled after gecko feet, and wind-turbine blades that mimic whale fins.
PASSIVE SOLAR ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN:
In passive solar building design, windows, walls, and floors are made to collect, store, and distribute solar energy in the form of heat in the winter and reject solarheat in the summer.
Animation – Passive Solar Design (Heatsink): SketchUp computer assisted software testing shadows and shading. Considering deciduous trees (shed leaved during Winter), location, weather, climate and more.
PEER TO PEER (P2P) COLLABORATION, PEER LEARNING, ASSISTED PEER LEARNING:
Peer learning is one of the most visible approaches to peer learning comes out of cognitive psychology, and is applied within a “mainstream” educational framework: “Peer learning is an educational practice in which students interact with other students to attain educational goals.”
Peer–Assisted Learning Strategies (PALS) is a classwide peer tutoring program. Teachers carefully partner a student with a classmate. The pair works on various activities that address the academic needs of both students. Pairs change over time.
DESIGN AND VISUAL COMMUNICATION (DVC):
Design and visual communication focuses on understanding and applying drawing techniques and design practice to communicate design ideas. Students enhance their ability to conceptualise, develop, and communicate design ideas and potential outcomes, and their skill to interpret graphical information.
*Ebooks and Products (pop up card making with circuits, fun-dough circuits, and programmable circuitry) will be available form 25 January 2018 (Five House Publishing).
USING A MODEL TO ILLUSTRATE, TEACH, AND EXPLAIN SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE.
Front cover of eBook. Publishing date end of January 2018.
Back cover of eBook.
Model Sustainable Architecture: Harvesting sun energy, wind energy and rainwater.
The model illustrates how sustainable features and functions work in sustainable architectural design; harvesting of the energy from sun, energy from the wind, and the harvesting of rainwater. It also includes illustrations of passive solar design and passive ventilation. See additional tutorials on this channel touching in-depth on all sustainable components and systems.
Model architecture, sustainable architecture, harvesting energy from the sun, harvesting wind energy, harvesting rainwater, passive solar, passive ventilation, wind turbine, photovoltaic panel, solar panel, solar thermal panel, green roof, clerestory, grey water tank, white water tank, water filter, louvers, vents, stack, LED lights, transmitter, receiver, 12 volt DC, heatsink, thermal mass, deciduous landscaping, sun’s position, triple glazed windows, servo.
ADDITIONAL TUTORIALS: See more in-depth tutorials on all the sustainable aspects touched on in the YouTube video channel of the author.
Back of the model: Sustainable Architecture
SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE: BACK OF THE MODEL
The back of the model illustrates the small wind turbine, servos, receiver, battery pack, electrical cables, transmitter, water pump, water tanks, LED, and photovoltaic regulator.
Small wind turbine, servos, receiver, electrical cables, water pump, water tanks, louvers, photovoltaic panel, regulator, LEDs, transmitter, battery pack.
1 FOREWORD... Page 9
2 INTRODUCTION AND SHORT OVERVIEW... Page11
3 THE MODEL. 13
3.1 The different parts and components of the model 14
3.1.1 LIST OF SUSTAINABILITY COMPONENTS (AS SEEN FORM THE FRONT OF THE MODEL): 14
3.1.2 LIST OF SUSTAINABILITY COMPONENTS (ON TOP ROOF): 16
3.1.3 LIST OF SUSTAINABILITY COMPONENTS (SIDE AND BACK OF MODEL): 17
3.1.4 IMAGE: LIST OF SUSTAINABILITY COMPONENTS (ON THE ROOF): 19
3.1.5 LIST OF SUSTAINABILITY COMPONENTS (INSIDE THE BUILDING AGAINST THE WALL): 20
4 YOUTUBE VIDEOS EXPLAINING THE WORKING OF THE MODEL. 22
VIDEO 1: Model Sustainable Architecture: Harvesting sun energy, wind energy and rainwater. 23
VIDEO 2: BACK OF MODEL- Sustainable Architecture: Harvesting sun energy, wind energy and rainwater. 25
VIDEO 3: BACK OF MODEL- Sustainable Architecture: Harvesting sun energy, wind energy and rainwater. 27
VIDEO 4: Space Mobile-Solar toy: Application for Sustainable Architecture. 29
VIDEO 5: Space Mobile-Solar toy: Application for Sustainable Architecture. 31
VIDEO 6: Rainwater tanks & Solar Thermal Panels: Sustainable Architecture. 33
VIDEO 7: Solar Grasshopper: To illustrate how solar power works to spin an eccentric (off-centred weight). 35
VIDEO 8: Inverter and battery pack: Sustainable Architecture. 37
BIOMIMETICS - HOW TO MIME NATURE TO MAXIMISE SUSTAINABLE EFFICIENCY (RELATED TO ARCHITECTURE): 39
CHAPTER 5: FIRST MODEL – THE BEGINNING STAGES. 41
CHAPTER 6: THREE KEY PRINCIPLES FOR PASSIVE SOLAR DESIGN (insulation, air tightness and a heat source) 51
PASSIVE DESIGNER STRATEGIES FOR NEW ZEALAND.. 51
CHAPTER 7: FLOORS, WALLS, AND WINDOWS. 58
Tiny Wind Turbines – ‘Nano Vent Skin’ 70
8 ROOFS AND CLERESTORIES (‘STACK’) 77
CHAPTER 9: GREEN ROOF. 86
CHAPTER 10: WATER SYSTEM OF THE MODEL (BLACKWATER, GREYWATER AND WHITEWATER) 92
SUMMARY OF THE WATER PROCESS AND WATER SYSTEMS. 92
Bio-mimetics and solar thermal power – experiences from the teacher – the Jackrabbit 100
4.1 Geothermal principles: Copper pipes and tubes in the walls – heating or cooling a building. 101
CHAPTER 11: PHOTOVOLTAIC PANELS – HARVESTING SUN ENERGY. 105
4.2 The Sunflower: Biomimetics and photovoltaic panels – the teacher’s experiences. 109
CHAPTER 12: WIND TURBINES. 112
In simple terms, ‘What is a wind turbine?’ 112
Installing wind turbines to a house – the teachers experiences with students. 112
What is a Savonius Wind Turbine?. 114
What is a Darrieus Wind Turbine?. 114
What is a Giromill wind turbine?. 115
Nano Vent Skin (nvs) 120
How does the Nano Vent Skin works?. 120
Experience of the teacher with secondary school students (Nano Vent Skin): 132
Wind stalks (Piezo electrics): Harvest energy from the wind (mimes human or animal hair). 134
What is a piezo?. 135
Links to YOUTUBE videos on Piezo’s : 136
Piezo demo video: 137
The application in an architectural context: 139
CHAPTER 13: LED LIGHTS AND LIGHTING.. 142
WHAT IS A LED LIGHT?. 145
ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF LED’S. 145
WHAT IS A DYNAMO?. 148
Teacher’s experience with teaching students about LED’s: 150
Link to ideas for Copper Tape projects: EXPLORATORIUM.. 152
List of Ideas for LED lights and sound (basic electronics) projects: 152
Powered sketchbook: Video. 153
FLASHING LED GREETING CARD PROJECT: Integrated learning. 153
How to create the greetings card: 158
Description of the project: 159
Create movement (vibrating) for a greetings card: ‘Washing machine’ 163
LAWN FAWN: 164
CHAPTER 13: BACK OF THE MODEL. 167
Water pump for solar thermal panel and water tanks. 169
CHAPTER 14: SOLAR TOYS AND OTHER GADGETS. 172
CHAPTER 15: Examples of passive solar homes by architect duncan firth (solarei.com) 176
House Te Kauwhata. 176
Te Kauwhata House Waikato - By Solarei (Architects in New Zealand) 178
About Duncan Firth and Solarei: 181
THE AUTHOR’S PROFILE: 184
See more illustrations of the SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE MODEL on this channel (YouTube): William van Zyl
Read more at:
LED Lights in context of the world’s energy use: Sustainable Architecture
Description: Overview of the progression from incandescent lights to LED lights (light emitting diodes) and the saving of power (sustainable architecture). Focus is on solar (photovoltaic) power, wind power, batteries, and LED lights as a renewable source of energy in a sustainable architectural context. Statics of the world’s consumption of fossil fuels, the lifespan of LEDs, and the world’s use of renewable energy are discussed.
Renewable energy, fossil fuels, LED lights, light emitting diodes, photovoltaic panels, wind power, 12-volt batteries, dynamo, incandescent light, spiral fluorescent light, lifespan, spiral fluorescent lamp, magnets, armature, sustainable architecture.
Chapter 1: Introduction to LED's
Chapter 2: How a dynamo powers a LED light (3 volt).
Chapter 3: Life span of LED light compared to typical old incandescent lamps
Chapter 4: Looking at the world's energy use from a global perspective. Fossil fuels and renewable energy compared. A quick calculation of the amount of barrels of oil used in the world in 2013 (online calculator).
Chapter 5: Charts comparing fossil fuels with renewable energy use (global perspective). Focus on photovoltaic panels, wind power, batteries (12 volt DC) and LED lights.
See more at:
THERMAL MASS AND HEATSINKS IN PASSIVE SOLAR DESIGN (SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE):
Illustrating the function of thermal mass and heatsinks (Passive Solar-Sustainable Architecture)
Credit thumbnail YouTube:“All the buildings are southwestern adobe in style”.By Karol M from Arizona, USA - Flickr, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1706179
The tutorial illustrates how heatsinks and thermal masses absorb and release heat in a passive solar context. The process is illustrated by using a sustainable architecture model, halogen work light (heat source), thermometer, concrete blocks and ceramic tiles.
Passive solar, heatsink, thermal mass, thermometer, ceramic tile, concrete, concrete block, probe, absorb heat, release heat, sustainable architecture model
See more on passive solar design on YouTube channel (William van Zyl):
Link to more resources:
Rainwater Tanks & Solar Thermal Panels: Sustainable Architecture
Credit thumbnail image YouTube: Pixabay.com (free images). https://pixabay.com/static/uploads/photo/2013/04/24/13/44/lesbos-106853_960_720.jpg
In this tutorial the rainwater tanks and solar thermal panels of a house are illustrated and discussed. A house model is used to practically illustrate how it works. In the context of sustainable architecture, the energy efficiency and the benefits of these sustainable systems are explained.
Sustainable architecture, rainwater tanks, solar thermal panels, solar collectors, white water tank, grey water tank, cistern, water filter, water pump, sun energy, harvesting heat from the sun, harvesting rainwater, energy efficiency, power saving.
See more at:
Inverter and battery pack: Sustainable Architecture
The tutorial illustrates how a battery pack powers an inverter. It includes an introduction to current, as well as some details of the inverter, is discussed. It includes the difference between AC and DC current, the input and output, and the appliances the inverter is able to power.
Inverter, battery pack, sustainable architecture, current, Watt, alternating current (AC), direct current (DC), USB, 5 volts, 500 milliamps, converts 12 volts (DC) to 220 volts (AC), input, output.
See more at https://wvanzylacademic.atavist.com/
Closed captioned YouTube:
This tutorial illustrates how an 1800 Watt power converter works. It is used to run small electronic devices like an MP3 player, charging a cell phone, and so on. Typically used from a 12 Volt (DC) car battery used in a motor-home, SUV, and a passenger car. What is the difference between alternating current and direct current? Alternating current (AC), is an electric current in which the flow of electric charge periodically reverses direction, whereas, in direct current (DC, also dc), the flow of electric charge is only in one direction. An interesting fact about DC and AC power -alternating current and direct current- is at the very end of the 1800s, American electrical pioneer Thomas Edison (1847-1931) went out of his way to demonstrate that direct current (DC) was a better way to supply electrical power than alternating current (AC), a system backed by his Serbian-born arch-rival Nikola Tesla (1856-1943). Edison tried all kinds of devious ways to convince people that AC was too dangerous, from electrocuting an elephant to (rather cunningly) supporting the use of AC in the electric chair for administering the death penalty. Even so, Tesla's system won the day and the world has pretty much run on AC power ever since.
Credit background thumbnail YouTube: https://pixabay.com/en/light-bulb-current-light-glow-503881/ (public domain-no attribution required).