LITERATURE REVIEW: OPENNESS: EXPLORING CONCEPTUALISATIONS OF PEER-TO-PEER (P2P) COLLABORATION AND PEER LEARNING IN HIGHER EDUCATION.    

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LITERATURE REVIEW: OPENNESS: EXPLORING CONCEPTUALISATIONS OF PEER-TO-PEER (P2P) COLLABORATION AND PEER LEARNING IN HIGHER EDUCATION.        


Abstract:

The literature review focuses on Peer-to-Peer (P2P) Collaboration and Peer Learning (PL) in Higher Education (HE). The exploration of the conceptualisation of these concepts starts with the identification of the differences of the semantic web 1.0, 2.0 and 3.0. The review also touches on P2P collaboration, the disadvantages of P2P learning, peer-assisted learning (PAL) and peer learning (PL) in an HE context. Specific references are made to New Zealand Higher Education (NZHE) and the review could be used in a comparative study of tertiary education institutions......      

 


Objective of the author by publishing this literature review

This literature review, as a resource to scholars, could be adapted and build upon within the context of Higher Education (Global perspective and NZ), P2P Collaboration, Peer Learning, and Open Education. The philosophical theories of Popper, Soros, and Bergson are introduced (openness) and consequently progresses to the theories of Foucault and Habermas. The theorists are discussed and researched within a P2P framework and include P2P collaboration and learning technologies (Web 1.0, Web 2.0, & Web 3.0).      

The context of this review

This review is part of a dissertation by the author (2016) with the title “Exploring Conceptualisations of Peer-to-Peer (P2P) Collaboration and Peer Learning in New Zealand Higher Education”.  The review could be used within a global context and scholars could adapt and modify the review to fit a specific comparative study on P2P Collaboration and Peer Learning in Higher Education (HE). The theoretical perspectives on openness (open education-theorist Popper), and the other philosophers (Foucault & Habermas) could be useful in exploring these conceptualisations in a P2P context.

 

Keywords:

 Peer-to-Peer Collaboration (P2P), Peer Learning (PL), Peer Assisted Learning (PAL), Openness,  knowledge economy, Neoliberalism, Post-Neoliberalism, liberalism, Higher Education (HE), New Zealand (NZ), Henri Bergson, Karl Popper, George Soros, Conceptualisation, Governmentality, Biopower, Michel Foucault, Communicative Action, Jurgen Habermas, Microblogging, .........................

 Conclusion: 

This literature review lays the foundation for an ‘openness’ philosophical perspective in education which could include a personal opinion and personal critique of ‘open education’.................

WORD COUNT: 15,000 WORDS (129 PAGES SIZE A4 -FONT SIZE P 12).

THE RELEVANCE OF THIS LITERATURE FOR RESEARCHERS:

This literature review could be useful to scholars researching topics on P2P collaboration and other P2P related areas of interest. It provides the groundwork and basic premises for P2P related research. It also provides an introduction to the philosophical theories of Bergson, Popper, Soros, Foucault and Habermas within a P2P, and open society (knowledge economy) context.

WHO COULD BENEFIT FROM THIS LITERATURE REVIEW?

Graduate and postgraduate students could find this review useful. 

APA referencing:

Van Zyl. W.N. (2016). Literature Review:Openness: Exploring Conceptualisations of Peer-to-Peer (P2P) Collaboration and Peer Learning in Higher Education. Published to http://williamvanzyl.com/ - https://fivehousepublishing.com/ (cf.Literature Review P2P) Edited and published in June 2018.       

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