UNIQUE SUSTAINABLE BACH
SITUATION 1: Page 8
BRIEF 1: 8
SUGGESTED PLANNING AND LAYOUT FOR YOUR DESIGN: 11
SECTION 1: Choose location. Investigate and research the area, terrain, environment, weather, climate and more. 11
SECTION 2: Investigate sustainable baches, research and explore possible shapes and forms for your unique bach. Identify the style you prefer, for example Modernism or Post Modernism. 11
DESIGN ERAS TIMELINE: 11
MINIMALIST OR MINIMALISM STYLE: 12
Minimalism Style Architects: 13
SECTION 3: Identify the specifications for the batch (size of rooms, different rooms and possible layouts). Use a bubble diagram to explore the possible layouts and configurations. 13
BUBBLE DIAGRAM (ARCHITECTURE): 14
SECTION 4: Explore a vast range of components, influences, ideas, scientific / artistic /sustainable ideas for your unique bach. 14
SECTION 5: Once you have done all the investigation, research and explored the possibilities it is time to do your ideation (generate design ideas). 15
‘How to think like an architect – The design process’. 16
‘How to Think Like An Architect: Designing From Organic Form’ 16
SECTION 6: Now only are you ready to make a freehand drawing of your 2 to 3 floor plans. The challenge is to merge (mix everything you have done to this point) together to come up with a unique bach design. You are encouraged to think differently, extend your own boundaries, be adventurous, be creative and innovative and break the mould. 17
See YouTube video: How to draw a house floor plan like an Architect (freehand sketching & tracing) 17
THE FOLLOWING SECTIONS (7, 8 & 9): As per previous DVC courses. 18
SECTION 10: EXHIBITION OF MODEL, WORK DRAWINGS AND MORE: 18
SITUATION 2: You are a new and upcoming architect in the Waikato area (New Zealand) and you get the opportunity to display your work and market yourself as an architect who specialises in sustainability and biomimetics 19
BRIEF 2: Design an exhibition for your unique sustainable bach in a room in the Waikato Museum, which will be provided by the museum. Include your portfolio, 3-d model, enlarged pictures of your model and design sketches/work drawings, etc. (Sketch-up). 19
SPECIFICATIONS AND AVAILABLE RESOURCES AT THE MUSEUM 3: 19
Video YouTube-exhibition Architecture: ‘STUDENTS PREPARING A MUSEUM OR EXHIBITION SPACE TO DISPLAY THEIR WORK (ARCHITECTURE)’ 21
3-D MODEL: You should create a 3-D model with the 3-D printer of your unique sustainable bach. 22
SPECIFICATIONS FOR UNIQUE BACH (Areas specified are not to be exceeded): 23
SOME UNIQUE BUILDINGS AND IDEAS YOU COULD INVESTIGATE AND USE: 24
Architecture Timeline - Historic Periods and Styles of the West 24
A Quick Tour of Architectural History. 24
Look at the Inverloch Sand Dune House, Australia. 26
Discuss and illustrate the following with regards to you design decision (Unique Bach Design): 30
Format and software used to compile your work: 31
The DVC L3 CREDITS: 32
DVC website: 32
APPENDIX A: 33
SECTION FOR TEACHERS (INCLUDING REFERENCES TO RESEARCH): 37
This paper is to inform teachers on the disadvantages of Peer Learning (PL), Peer-to-Peer collaboration (P2P), and Peer Assisted Learning (PAL). By looking at the disadvantages, it will consequently inform and prompt teachers to think about the advantages. The management of P2P collaborative processes PAL and PL is at the heart of this research. 37
What is peer-to-peer collaboration?. 39
What is peer assisted learning?. 39
What is peer learning?. 40
Comments below on disadvantages listed from no. 1 to 6 by W van Zyl–referring to Table 4 (Topping & Ehly, 1998): 43
Disadvantage no. 1: Build time into PAL courses and tutoring. 43
Disadvantage no. 2: Monitor PAL and P2P closely and give feedback as soon as possible. 43
Disadvantage no. 3: The ‘range and depth’ of PAL and P2P teaching and learning. 44
Disadvantage no. 4: Close monitoring of PAL and P2P and the rapid changes required by tutors to keep learning and teaching on track. 45
Disadvantage no. 5: Ethical concerns: accountability, peer competence, and informed consent regarding PAL and P2P courses. 45
Disadvantage no. 6: General misconceptions: No equal opportunities; students are not teachers; not effective for all groups (e.g. gifted and talented, students with learning difficulties, physically disabled students, and other categories). 46
APA Referencing & citation: 49
Van Zyl, W.N. (2016). P2P collaboration: The disadvantages of P2P (peer-to-peer) collaboration, PAL (peer assisted learning) and PL (peer learning). Published to http://williamvanzyl.com/ or https://wvanzylacademic.atavist.com/ 49
Additional Resources: Tutorials on P2P/PL/PAL platforms and systems 50
APA REFERENCING AND CITATION: 51
ABOUT THE RESEARCHER (AUTHOR): Page 52
Unique Sustainable Bach: A Design Brief
*For Design and Visual Communication teachers and students. Students aged 16 to 18 years old. New Zealand context. Design and Visual Communication - NCEA Level 3. Spatial Design Brief.
Two briefs are included:
BRIEF 1: Design a Unique Sustainable Bach
BRIEF 2: Design an exhibition for your unique sustainable bach (holiday home) in a room in the Waikato Museum, which will be provided by the museum. Include your portfolio, 3-d model, enlarged pictures of your model and design sketches/work drawings, etc. (Sketch-up). Use the computer, data projector & screen to loop parts of your presentation (choose a component like research, for instance). Show possible flyers and brochures of your design work (assume you are an architect marketing your work). Show the link to your website or blog.
By William Van Zyl
You are privileged to design and build your own unique bach. You are in a situation where you have the freedom to choose any location in the world. The only restrictions you are facing are the specifications given (room sizes). To design your unique sustainable bach is the challenge you are facing. Use this freedom to investigate, to do research, and to discuss the many possibilities with your friends in class or others. Remember to document these conversations (short form).
Design your unique bach located anywhere in the world. *Ensure you illustrate, document and explain all the different stages of your design.
Unique bach; sustainable bach; bio-mimetics; design era; artistic; scientific; economic; engineering; ideation; exhibition
Study of the terrain (USE Google maps & Google Earth).
Site investigation and surrounding sites.
Explore the immediate environment.
Consider nature (insects, vegetation. landmarks, animals, etc.)
Consider weather and climate
Identify your design era (modernism/postmodernism, etc.)
Apply sustainable features and functions.
Apply scientific concepts.
Consider artistic techniques (shape, form, pattern, texture-sculpture, etc.).
Meet all set specifications (room sizes).
Use ideation techniques like tessellation, exaggeration, deconstruction, inversion, rotation, re-combination, translocation, abstraction (download the PDF activity sheet from the TKI website below).
IMPORTANT: Go to this website below and study the DVC level 3 exemplar of the student’s work, specifically IDEATION TECHNIQUES. You have to use some of these techniques (minimum 3) in your design work. Challenging! Search YouTube tutorials for more information on ideation.
Read and study everything on this web page it is very important!
Top Scholar DVC 2013 (Resource)
SECTION 1: Choose a location. Investigate and research the area, terrain, environment, weather, climate and more. Look for charts and diagrams with precipitation, sunny days, wind speed, temperatures, etc. Copy and paste these charts into your PowerPoint, make comments about the casual relationship and possible effects on your building and the role the weather and climate could play. For example, how will you harvest rainwater, where and how many solar panels (photovoltaic) will you install, where will you position your wind turbines, and so on?
SECTION 2: Investigate sustainable baches, research and explore possible shapes and forms for your unique bach. Identify the style you prefer, for example, Modernism or Post Modernism.
Very useful website on design eras
Use this website and determine (assess) which style you prefer. For example MINIMALIST (under Modernism category). Below an excerpt copied from the website.
One important trend in Modernist architecture is the movement toward minimalist or reductivist design. Hallmarks of Minimalism include:
Buildings are stripped of all but the essential elements
Emphasis is placed on the outline, or frame, of the structure
Interior walls are eliminated
Floor plans are open
Lighting is used to dramatise lines and planes
The negative spaces around the structure are part of the overall design
Modernist architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe paved the way for Minimalism when he said, "Less is more." Minimalist architects drew much of their inspiration from the elegant simplicity of traditional Japanese architecture. Minimalists were also inspired by a movement of early twentieth-century Dutch artists known as De Stijl. Valuing simplicity and abstraction, De Stijl artists used only straight lines and rectangular shapes.
The Mexico City home of the Pritzker Prize-winning architect Luis Barragán is Minimalist in its emphasis on lines, planes, and open spaces.
Architects known for Minimalist designs include:
- Tadao Ando
- Luis Barragan
- Yoshio Taniguchi
- Richard Gluckman
SECTION 3: Identify the specifications for the batch (size of rooms, different rooms and possible layouts). Use a bubble diagram to explore the possible layouts and configurations.
*See specifications in this document for details.
See the exemplar Top Scholar Design and Visual Communication (DVC) - New Zealand- 2013, below. Visit the website to see more!