BOOK- Sustainable Architecture: Design and Visual Communication. NCEA Level 1, New Zealand (16-year-old students - Secondary School) 

The author has completed a book on Sustainable Architecture. The e-book was published in  March, 2018 (fivehousepublishing.com). The book is for Design and Visual Communication teachers and students (secondary school). The book also includes links to primary school and intermediate schools and the writer endeavours to make links between the different curriculum levels. For example, the link from worm farming, vegetable gardens, composting, and recycling (Primary/Intermediate) to passive solar architectural design (Secondary school). The extension of sustainability practice in this book, building on previous sustainability practice, is scaffolded to introduce secondary school students and teachers to in-depth sustainable architectural design. Students and teachers are challenged to investigate and explore concepts like passive solar design, biomimetics (miming nature), sustainable features and functions, geo-location, the orientation of buildings, choice of building materials, modeling, freehand sketching, ideation, Sketch-up design (free 3-D software), and much more.   

See the the front and back cover of the book below. Ebook available at https://fivehousepublishing.com/

Front cover.

 

Back cover.

 Front and back covers of the eBook.


SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENT'S DVC WORK: 

Some of the author's student work will feature in the DVC book. Below are some exemplars of student work that will be included.

BRIEF:

Design a sustainable Shipping Container Sleep-out. NCEA Level 1 (New Zealand). Design work was created with Sketch-up (computer aided design software). Sketch-up is very easy to use and user-friendly. GOOGLE SKETCH-UP is free software which could be downloaded from the net. Primary and secondary school students can use this software for almost any type of design work. Presentations of students portfolios were compiled with MS PowerPoint/Google Slides (easy printing & sharing).  

 

 

DESIGN BRIEF CONTINUES (SHORT VERSION): DESIGN A SUSTAINABLE SLEEP-OUT USING 3 SHIPPING CONTAINERS.


Specifications:


1. Choose a design era & influential designer (aesthetics)
2. Include some bio-mimetics (ask nature how?) in your design work (function)
3. Choose a location anywhere in New Zealand (Google Earth & Google Maps)
4. Consider passive solar design (passive ventilation, and more)
5. Consider harvesting rainwater, harvesting energy from the sun, and harvesting energy from the wind
6. Carefully consider your choice of sustainable building materials
7. Make use of a bubble diagram to initiate you layout and preliminary design of the sustainable sleep-out
8. Study and research the climate, weather and other environmental related data of the location. Implement the knowledge of the area and terrain in your design work
9. Get stakeholder feedback, modify your initial idea, and make the improvements
10. Compare your work to the work of your influential designer and chosen design era. Be critical
11. Include work drawings (third angle orthographic projection): Show the scale, 2-D drawings, 3-D drawings, and some sectional views and elevations of the sleep-out
12. Conclude by assessing your design work against effective, sustainable architectural practice. "What is great about your design? What could you have done better?" Write up a short evaluation of your design work
13. Your portfolio should "tell a story". Ensure you include in-depth annotations that inform your decisions and choices
14. Include all your freehand sketch work. Include your ideation (generating design ideas) and concept sketches (soft pencil/pro-markers/etc.), as well as any other notes and research you have done to highlight the design process.
15. Include a biography and references. Consider using APA (American Psychological Association) referencing. APA referencing is optional. However, it is compulsory to include references at the end of your work
For APA referencing example see University of Waikato's (NZ) quick guide:

 
http://www.waikato.ac.nz/__data/assets/pdf_file/0014/236120/apa-quick-guide.pdf  

SOME DVC LEVEL 1 STUDENT'S WORK SHOWN BELOW:


 

 

 

 

Contents


Preface. 5

Keywords & Key Phrases: 6

Introduction. 17

Summary: 24

Links to primary schools: Sustainability Practice. 28

Chapter 1: A brief overview of sustainability in primary schools and the links to secondary school – a New Zealand context. 30

Chapter 2: A Māori or indigenous perspective on sustainable practice: Looking at the cultural diversity of New Zealand within an educational context. 33

Education for Sustainability in New Zealand Schools: Summary Report (2010) 36

References: 45

Bibliography. 46

Chapter 3: A quick view of biomimetics and some sustainable features and functions—Sustainable architecture design brief. 49

EXPLORING THE ONION (ORGANIC) AND ARMADILLO (ANIMAL) CONCEPTS TO INFORM DESIGN IDEAS FOR A SUSTAINABLE SLEEP-OUT. 50

PASSIVE SOLAR DESIGN: 51

What is PASSIVE SOLAR DESIGN?. 54

PASSIVE VENTILATION: ‘EARTHSHIP’ DIAGRAM... 59

Chapter 4: The situation, the brief, and the specifications: Sustainable Sleep-out 62

Chapter 5:  Sustainable sleep-out design. A Design and Visual Communication approach from a New Zealand perspective (curriculum), including educational research to support this design process and to inform design decisions, educational models, strategies, assessment, and more. 72

Software used for design work: Google Sketch-up (free software - SketchupMake) 74

Curriculum task alignment 76

5.1 Planning for practice: 76

5.2 Brief development: 76

5.3 Outcome development and evaluation: 76

5.4 Technological modelling: 77

5.5 Technological products: 77

5.6 Technological systems: 77

5.7 Characteristics of technology: 77

5.8 Characteristics of technology outcomes: 78

5.9 Biomimetics: 78

BELOW: Exemplars from the NZQA website: Design and Visual Communication Level 1 (16-year-old students): Armadillo shape and form (computer mouse design). 79

Chapter 6: Creative and innovative elements of this task. 82

Design Competition for students: 84

Chapter 7: Why this task?. 86

Chapter 8: Carbon footprint 88

The intention is to explore the multi-media options for this task. 88

Chapter 9: A competition with prizes. 90

Chapter 10. Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK) 93

Chapter 11: ‘The living classroom,’ a living example of the application of PCK. 97

The Living Room.. 97

Wine bottles to insulate the floor. 98

Chapter 12: How the activities have been chosen and ordered. 105

Chapter 13:  The planning of student’s learning—Models of learning. 108

BEHAVIOURIST LEARNING MODEL- Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936), John B. Watson (1878-1958) & B. F. Skinner (1904-1990): 108

DEVELOPMENTAL LEARNING MODEL: 112

Cognitive Theory - Jean Piaget (1896-1980): 112

The 4 Stages of Cognitive Development as developed by Piaget. Piaget identified four stages of cognitive development: 113

Summary of Maturation Learning Model 115

Humanistic Learning Model: 116

Humanist Theory: 116

SOCIAL CONSTRUCTIVIST: 118

ENACTIVIST: LEARNING IS EXPERIMENTAL, REQUIRING PEOPLE TO ACT ON THEIR WORLD. 119

Chapter 14: Justification and ordering of tasks chosen. 121

Chapter 15: Assessments. 124

A short summary of possible assessments: 124

Chapter 16:  Possible extension of work. 127

Chapter 17:  The next steps forward. 129

Chapter 18: Useful websites: 131

Great websites to visit (links): 132

CHAPTER 19: SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE DESIGN BRIEF – The Armadillo and Onion Inspired Sustainable Sleep-out. 135

Sustainable features and functions phrases: 136

Step 1: Doing research: Armadillo and onion inspired sleep-out 138

Onion (scientific facts, shape & form) 139

Armadillo & onion ideation: 148

‘How To Think Like An Architect: Designing From Organic Form’ -by Barry Berkus: 149

Freehand sketches that illustrate the concept idea for the solution to the brief: 161

Working with shadows and shading in SetchUpMake: 163

The 3D Warehouse in Sketch-up. The application of deciduous landscaping (trees). 164

Geo-location of your building in SketchUpMake. 167

The Sketch-up model: Quick description of the different features and functions: SUSTAINABLE SLEEP-OUT. 175

ILLUSTRATION OF CONCRETE FORMWORK: See the video and the image below on the traditional method of pouring concrete into a steel shutter boxes (formwork) for a basic wall: 177

Green roof areas: 179

Living walls (interior): 180

Doors (interior and exterior): 182

Photovoltaic panels (solar panels): 182

LED Lighting: 182

Water tanks: 184

Sleep-out model in Sketch-up: Shadows and shading. 185

Link to Sketch-up website: 186

Chapter 19: Model building to illustrate sustainable architecture principles. 193

NEW MODEL SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE: 194

Chapter 20: Primary and Intermediate students: Making links in secondary school to early sustainability practice, building on the foundations laid by primary school teachers. 201

AFLATOUN'S ENTREPRENEURS. 203

Animal Architecture: A practical approach. 203

THE INCREASING THE TUI BIRD POPULATION IN NEW ZEALAND: A LOCAL APPROACH.. 204

New Zealand’s threatened birds. 206

Nationally Critical 207

Nationally Endangered. 208

Nationally Vulnerable. 209

Chapter 21: Changing the perception of the traditional shapes and forms of houses and buildings as we know it. 213

Sketches of students: Traditional versus a modern technology perspective. 217

WINDOWS IN SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS. 219

Chapter 22: Retrofitting existing homes and buildings with sustainable components. 224

WHAT IS A ZERO-ENERGY BUILDING?. 224

EXCELLENT EXAMPLE OF RETROFITTING.. 226

Illawarra Flame Project 226

About this design: Environmentally Conscious Features. 227

Landscape and Water. 229

Chapter 23: Preparing a Design and Visual communication portfolio for submission to a tertiary institution (after completion of secondary school). 233

WHEN STUDENTS ARE NOT SURE OF WHICH CAREER PATH TO FOLLOW. A NEW ZEALAND CONTEXT. 233

PROFESSIONAL SERVICES AVAILABLE ONLINE: FOR EXAMPLE, FIVERR.COM... 237

CREATING A WEBSITE TO SHOWCASE A PORTFOLIO.. 238

Introduction To How To Make a WordPress Website. 238

PRINTING THE PORTFOLIO IN BOOK FORM... 238

Visit the TKI website (NZ) to view the top Too Scholar DVC 2013 (NZQA - New Zealand – 18-year-old student): 239

Chapter 24: Finding creative inspiration. 246

Example of such a light-box-poster-design. Use canva.com. 253

Some tips for creating a classroom environment that embraces creativity: 255

Why should the arts get to have all the fun? Bring aspects of creativity into all of your subjects, including Math and Science. 255

These tips offer up some fun and interesting ways to explore lessons creatively in the classroom: 257

Don’t know much about creativity? Then learn! These tips will help you to become a creativity expert. 259

References. 261

Instructions: ECODESIGN WEB. 267

INSTRUCTION: 267

Isotonic Drink Example. 273

For More Information. 274

Visit the SDC Consulting firm’s website: 275

ECODESIGN CREATED BY W VAN ZYL: SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE-SLEEP-OUT. 282

Appendix G: BEFORE AND AFTER. Example of what the completed activity could look like when finished. 289

Appendix H: Sleepout Competition Mark Sheet: Most sustainable architectural design concept. 293

Appendix I: Flow Diagram - Sustainability. 310

Appendix I: Technology Unit Design:  Planning for Teaching and Learning – The marking of Sleepout concepts & Carbon Footprints associated with the concepts. 311

ABOUT THE RESEARCHER (AUTHOR): 322

APA REFERENCING AND CITATION: 323

Additional resources available related to this book by the author. 324


 

Preface

This book is about Design and Visual Communication for secondary school students and teachers. It is also very useful for primary school teachers and students who are interested in sustainable architecture. The software Google Sketch-up, discussed and illustrated in this book, is very user-friendly. The computer-aided drawing program - Sketch-up - is freeware which can be downloaded from the Internet. The program is very easy to use; it can be used by very young kids like primary school students, secondary school students, tertiary students, as well as professional architects and designers. Included in the brief is general research (design eras & influential architects), and design activities including a possible solution to a sustainable architectural design brief. Extensive content is included on Freehand sketches, Sketch-Up computer-aided drawings, diagrams, screenshots, and biomimetics. Additional included are links to YouTube videos (model/movement), links to published academic work by the author, and much more). Exemplars of secondary school student work (sixteen-year-olds) from a New Zealand secondary school are included towards the end of the book.