Credit background of banner (above): Credit background: Marti Bodek. Be'er Ganim Synagogue early sketches. File:Bodek Architects Synagogue sketches. Wikipedia. Created: 21 March 2015. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moti_Bodek#/media/File:Bodek_Architects_Synagogue_ sketches.jpg
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ARMADILLO AND ONION INSPIRED SLEEP-OUT DESIGN BRIEF: RESEARCH, CLIMATE, WEATHER, IDEATION, AND FREEHAND SKETCHING- SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE. RESOURCE PREPARED BY W VAN ZYL (JUNE 2016): DESIGN AND VISUAL COMMUNICATION (SECONDARY SCHOOL LEVEL). FOR SIXTEEN-YEAR-OLD STUDENTS.
Design and Visual Communication (Author William van Zyl).
*E-book is available at fivehousepublishing.com.
This resource contains some guidelines and hints for solving the ARMADILLO AND ONION INSPIRED SLEEP-OUT BRIEF. The focus is on developing sustainable architectural techniques, sustainability practice, and in-depth exploration of sustainable features and functions. YouTube tutorials are available for the different areas covered in this resource, namely: Research, climate and weather, geolocation, shadows and shading, passive solar, ideation, freehand sketching, Sketch-up modelling, biomimetics, and freehand sketching. Search: Armadillo and Onion inspired sleep-out brief. See YouTube for tutorials by the author:
ARMADILLO AND ONION INSPIRED BUILDING: Designed with SketchUp computer aided software: Free download - SketchUp. Credit: W Van Zyl
This resource contains some guidelines and hints for solving the ARMADILLO AND ONION INSPIRED SLEEPOUT BRIEF. The focus is on developing sustainable architectural techniques, sustainability practice, and in-depth exploration of sustainable features and functions. YouTube tutorials are available for the different areas covered in this resource. See the YouTube Channel of the author for details. The videos touch on Research, Climate and Weather, Geolocation, Shadows and Shading, Passive Solar, Ideation, Freehand Sketching, Sketch-up Modelling, Biomimetics, and Freehand Sketching.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Step 1: Doing research. Page8
Armadillo (scientific facts, shape & form) 8
Onion (scientific facts, shape & form) 9
Architectural sustainable features and functions (passive solar, passive ventilation, wind turbines, water tanks, louvres, roof overhangs, triple glazed windows, insulation, photovoltaic panels, solar thermal panel, heatsink, clerestory, stack, green roof, living wall, and more). 10
What is passive solar design?. 10
Biomimetics: Explore how to use nature to inform design ideas. 11
Generate design ideas and the ideation process: Explore strategies, methods, and techniques to come up with new and unique solutions to the design brief. 12
Ideation: Using a starfish, shell and feather to solve an architectural design brief. 13
Movement: Explore the benefits of including movement to your design solutions. For example a moving roof (sliding). The roof could open during winter to allow sunlight into the building (passive solar). Consider building materials that are good heatsinks, like concrete, bricks, and concrete blocks. 14
Aesthetics: Though focusing on scientific solutions the aesthetics (‘how beautiful the building’) should not be neglected! The challenge is to combine beauty and function! It is like being a scientist, an artist, a biologist, and sculpturer all at the same time! It will push the envelope and move students out of their comfort zones. Multi-layered thinking processes are to be developed. In other words, the students have to think of many aspects at the same time. Imagine a highly scientific rich building with state of the art technology which includes unique artistic features. Very challenging indeed. It is recommended that students explore the work of architects that think differently and who are able to apply a multi-layered approach to design problems. Gone are the days of conventional shape and forms and straightforward architecture. 14
Explore the building site: For example, take screenshots of the location (Google Earth & Google street view, and more). You can learn heaps from Google Maps, Google Earth, and Google Street view and so on. Investigate the landscape, the vegetation, slope, access, the possible orientation of the building (geolocation), and more. 14
Investigate the climate, rainfall, wind speed, and sunny days: Finding charts/diagrams will provide the best information and data. Interpret this information and data available, to inform your design decisions regarding the size of the photovoltaic panels (sunny days), the amount/size of the wind turbines (direction & facing), and the annual rainfall (storage of water). The harvesting of the sun’s energy, harvesting and storage of rainwater, and harvesting wind energy to benefit the homeowner, should be maximised. Use the search words and a phrase like (Hamilton City, charts, New Zealand, weather, and climate): 15
New Zealand: North Island. 16
Building materials: Investigate the properties of the building materials chosen. For example, good heatsinks, which absorb and release of the heat of the sun during winter, assist in warming buildings without any additional cost to the owner (energy efficient). 21
Armadillo & Onion sleep-out ideation: 23
‘How To Think Like An Architect: Designing From Organic Form’ - by Barry Berkus: 23
Freehand sketches that illustrate the concept idea for the solution to the brief: 36
SEE TUTORIALS ON YOUTUBE RELATED TO THIS DESIGN TOUCHING ON MANY ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN: William van Zyl’s YouTube Channel. 40
Armadillo and Onion inspired sleep-out. The situation, the brief and specifications for the design brief. Page 41
ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Page 42
SITUATION: You are an architect who loves designing sleep-outs. You recently became interested in sustainable architecture and biomimetics. You have decided to investigate, explore, and research sustainable architectural practice. You intend to implement the new knowledge, new skills, and new strategies, which you have learned into your sleep-out design brief.
BRIEF: Design and develop a sustainable solution for a new sleep-out at the back of your section or anywhere in the world. Implement some biomimetic ideas and principles to inform your design decisions and design ideas. Use the armadillo and onion as biomimetic inspiration.
SPECIFICATIONS: Total area=100 sq. m. In your layout include an open plan kitchen/dining/lounge area, a bathroom, and a bedroom. Include sustainable features, functions, and sustainable systems as far as possible. Illustrate how you have used biomimetic principles (‘ask nature how’) to inform your design ideas and concepts.
Keywords & Key Phrases: Sustainability, sleep-out, freehand sketching, SketchUpMake, Design and Visual Communication, fitness for purpose, collaboration, learning strategies, curriculum alignment, sustainable practice, creativity, innovation, pedagogical content knowledge (PCK), biomimetics, passive solar, passive ventilation, onion shape & form, armadillo shape & form, assessment, competition, harvesting energy from sun, harvesting energy from wind, collecting rainwater.
Tutorial 1: Armadillo and Onion inspired sleep-out design brief: The situation, brief and specifications.
Armadillo and Onion inspired sleep-out design brief: The situation, brief and specifications. It also includes a possible solution for the design brief. This is one of a set of tutorials on THE ARMADILLO AND ONION INSPIRED DESIGN BRIEF (SLEEP-OUT) - YouTube.
Credit background image: Jane Horton. Flickr.com: Pygmy Armadillo at Weston Park. Uploaded October, 16, 2010.
TUTORIAL 2: YouTube video tutorial created specifically for this resource: Armadillo and Onion inspired sleep-out: Sustainable Architecture
Credit background (left): Nine banded armadillo. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Nine-banded-Armadillo.jpg.
Credit background (right): Armadillo House. Formwerx Architects (Singapore). Link-http://visuall.net/2012/08/26/armadillo-house-by-formwerkz-architects/
DESCRIPTION FROM THE YOUTUBE CHANNEL OF WILLIAM VAN ZYL for this tutorial:
The Armadillo and Onion inspired sleep-out brief.
Intended for Design and Visual Communication teachers and students (secondary school). This tutorial covers a solution to a sustainable architectural design brief.
Situation: You are an architect with a specific interest in sustainable practice(passive solar, passive ventilation, etc). Your interests also include biomimetics (ask nature how). Use your new-found knowledge to solve the design brief.
Brief: Design a sustainable sleep-out at the back of your section OR anywhere in the world. Use biomimetics, with specific reference to the armadillo and onion shape and form, to solve the architectural brief.
Specifications: Total floor area=100 sq. m. In your layout include an open plan kitchen/dining/lounge area, a bathroom, and a bedroom. Include sustainable features, functions, and sustainable systems as far as possible. Illustrate how you have used biomimetic principles (‘ask nature how’) to inform your design ideas and concepts.
Keywords: Design and Visual Communication, sustainable architecture, biomimetics, ideation, armadillo, onion, passive solar, photovoltaic panels, solar thermal panels, green roofs, triple glazed windows, water tanks, wind turbines, heatsink, deciduous trees/shrubs, shadows/shading, louvers, grey water (unfiltered), white water (filtered), solar thermal panel (pre-heats water for hot water cylinder), water tanks, shape and form, texture, and reinforced concrete.
It includes the following:
- Ideation using the armadillo and onion form and shape.
- Onion shape and form: Onion inspired building showing layered alternatives for a sustainable synagogue design ( architect-Marti Bodek).
- Biomimicry: Asking nature how to solve sustainable architectural design problems. In other words miming nature 9armadillo and Onion).
- An example of Formwerx Architects ( house design) to solve noise pollution problems in an urban environment (location-Singapore). Armadillo shaped panels cancel the traffic noise.
- Armadillo shaped entrance : The shape represents the head of the armadillo (modern and post-modern design style).
- Diagrams illustrating passive solar principles and noise cancelling techniques in an architectural context.
- Freehand sketches of a possible solution to the sustainable sleep-out. Includes several sustainable features and functions.
- Model of the sustainable sleep-out in SketchUp Make (free software). Several 3-D views and elevations to illustrate sustainable architectural practice.
See more at:
Academic papers: https://fivehousepublishing.com/
DESIGN AND VISUAL COMMUNICATION WEBSITE
TUTORIAL 3: ARMADILLO AND ONION INSPIRED SLEEP-OUT: ENERGY EFFICIENCY-SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE
Summary of this tutorial:
The tutorial includes research, investigation, and exploration of sustainable features and functions of an Armadillo and Onion inspired sleep-out. The architectural and engineering decisions the architect or designer faces - on energy efficiency - are considered. The decisions include aspects like photovoltaic panels, wind turbines, solar thermal panels, rainwater tanks, choice of building materials, (passive solar design), and more. The location of the sustainable building is in Hamilton, New Zealand.
A set of tutorials, specifically prepared for the Armadillo and Onion Inspired sleep-out are available on this channel. A full resource on this brief is available for download (pdf) available at http://williamvanzyl.com/Armadillo-and-Onion-Sleep-out.php
KEYWORDS: Armadillo and Onion inspired sleep-out, sustainable architecture, photovoltaic panels, wind turbines, solar thermal panels, rainwater tanks, heatsink, passive solar, passive ventilation, deciduous trees, geofoam, electrical car, KWh, energy consumption New Zealand homes, Hamilton NZ, Electricity bill Waikato Region NZ, building materials, sustainable features and functions.
THE FOLLOWING SECTIONS ARE INCLUDED IN THIS TUTORIAL, FOCUSED SPECIFICALLY ON THE ARMADILLO AND ONION INSPIRED SLEEP-OUT. THE CHAPTERS ARE AS FOLLOW:
- The title: Harvesting energy from the sun, energy from the wind, and harvesting rainwater.
- Solar panels (photovoltaic), wind turbines, water tanks (rainwater), and solar thermal panels.
- Chart: Summary of energy use in the percentage of New Zealand homes. Research by Otago University in NZ.
- Data on the climate and weather of Hamilton in New Zealand. Exploring weather/climate charts for the Hamilton area. The interpretation of these charts in relation to the armadillo and onion inspired sleep-out.
- Exploring a typical electricity bill (3 bedrooms with 2 occupants) in the Waikato Region in New Zealand. Looking at KWh units and the price of electricity comparing it to possibilities of running the sleep-out of the grid (independent and self-sufficient).
- Conclusion and overview of the different sustainable features and function in relation to all the different parts and components of the armadillo and onion inspired sleep-out: This section provides a specific focus on photovoltaic panels, wind turbines, solar thermal panels, rainwater tanks, and the choice of building materials. It also includes references to electrical cars, and geofoam (insulation installed under the floors).
See more eBooks on sustainable architecture, academic papers, and Design and Visual Communication and more at:
Tutorial 4: Armadillo and Onion Sleep-out: Geo-location, orientation, and shading (SketchupMake)
Description: Design and Visual Communication -Tutorial illustrates, with the use of SketchupMake and Google Maps, how the sleep-out is geo-located, orientated to face the sun, and placed to make the most of the sun’s influence (passive solar design). Length of tutorial=about 23 minutes.
Keywords: Design and Visual Communication, architectural design, armadillo, onion, sleep-out, geolocation, orientation, shading, shadows, passive solar design, Hamilton, New Zealand, Google Maps, sectional views, North facing, sectional view.
Summary of contents:
LOCATION OF BUILDING:Roose Commerce Park, Hamilton, New Zealand: GPS coordinates: 37°47'39.8"S 175°17'23.8"E
Chapter 1: Geolocation (Hamilton, New Zealand).
Chapter 2: Orientation of the building in relation to the sun (Facing North in the Northern hemisphere).
Chapter 3: Shadows and shading – maximising passive solar architectural design principles.
Credit background: Armadillo. Public domain. http://somethingscrawlinginmyhair.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/A_Nine_banded_Armadillo.jpg
ARMADILLO AND ONION SLEEP-OUT TUTORIAL: DECIDUOUS LANDSCAPING, XERISCAPING, VEGGIE GARDENING, WORM FARMING, RAINWATER MANAGEMENT (duration14 MINUTES AND 17 SECONDS) .
This tutorial discusses and explains additional sustainable design and planning which supports passive solar architectural design. The focus is on deciduous landscaping which supports passive solar principles. It also focuses on xeriscaping (landscaping which requires minimum water supply), the management of worm farming and veggie gardens. The intent is to make the viewer aware of how these different systems work together in unison to maximise sustainability, independence, and self-sufficiency. Finally, the tutorial touches on the management of rainwater. The collection of rainwater (grey water) and the filtering thereof (white water) are discussed. How the system functions as a whole are illustrated in the context of the larger sustainable system (architectural) by using 3–D software (SketchupMake).
Deciduous landscaping, xeriscaping, worm farming, veggie gardening, rainwater management, rainwater tanks, white water, grey water, sustainable architecture, design and visual communication.
Chapter 1: Deciduous landscaping and impact of trees on passive solar design (architectural).
Chapter 2: Veggie gardens and the quest for sustainability
Chapter 3: Worm farming and the benefits of producing worm juice and compost.
Chapter 4: Composting and the benefits of producing own compost.
Chapter 5: Xeriscaping and the basic principles of planting succulents, ground-cover and more.
Chapter 6: Rainwater management which includes large underground water tanks and additional water tanks situated on the roof of the building.
See more tutorials on the Armadillo and Onion inspired sleep-out on the William van Zyl channel (YouTube).